You might have heard the terms dark web and Tor discussed in the media, but logging into them isn’t as hazardous as it may sound. It’s actually quite simple to begin.
The dark web is made up of pages that aren’t found by search engines such as Google. It’s the part of the web where data and other information that is normally private is stored. Email inboxes and Google Drive folders are stored on the deep web. They’re not accessible to the general public when browsing using a standard browser.
There are also many websites on the dark web which serve legitimate functions. For instance, the site SecureDrop is a dark web site that allows whistleblowers to provide sensitive information to news organizations in a confidential manner. There are sites where people can purchase and sell stolen credentials, including credit card numbers and passwords. These are known as “marketplaces. The most famous examples are Silk Road, AlphaBay and many others.
The key to surfing the dark web is a system called Tor that routes your connection through a series of servers that are run by volunteers, which are distributed throughout the world. This makes it hard for anyone to track you. Tor is named so because the information it encrypts goes through a number of layers similar to the onion layering on pizza, which helps keep your identity safe.